[Writeup] How i bypassed XFrame options protection at Google Books

Hi There,

This is an long delayed writeup, i had reported this vulnerability around the month of march this year, but didn't realized that the bug was fixed until now.

Let's get started,


Google Books has implemented X-Frame-Options header for protection against ClickJacking attack.
I was able to bypass this protection and clickjack Google Books Dashboard.


So on one good evening when i was checking out some books on Google i came across this preview page which for some strange reason looked vulnerable to me and i started testing it out.

 While testing the webpage i found that Google allows it's books to be embedded into another webpage by using an embed code.

This is an example embed code  

<iframe frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="border:0px" src="https://books.google.co.in/books?id=YJKbVzeabJYC&lpg=PP1&dq=web%20application%20hackers&pg=PP1&output=embed" width=500 height=500></iframe>
 By reading the code one could easily tell that the X-Frame-Options header protection will be turned off for the IFrame Source URL to make it framable on another webpage.

The HTTP response headers of the embed code is.

By comparing the framable URL with the original Google eBook URL, I found an interesting parameter output=embed

Original webpage URL 
 Framable URL

Using this parameter Google was removing X-Frame-Options and making a book framable.

Now the question is will this parameter remove X-Frame-Options from any other webpage and make it framable?

Answer: Yes

HTTP Response of Google books Dashboard

HTTP Response of Google books Dashboard with output=embed parameter

Impact: Just by making 2 clicks on Proof-of-Concept webpage all books from your bookshelf could be deleted.

Reward: $500

Thanks for Reading :)

Amit Sangra

Author & Editor

Amit is a Security Engineer acknowledged by Google, Apple, Microsoft, eBay, Intel and other top companies for reporting security issues in their web services.


  1. Replies
    1. Thanks @ak1t4 I'm a great fan of your work :)

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